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Assessment 2 Instructions: Applying Research Skills

Create a 3-5-page annotated bibliography and summary based on your research related to best practices addressing one of the health care problems or issues in the Assessment Topic Areas media piece faced by a health care organization that is of interest to you.


In your professional life, you will need to find credible evidence to support your decisions and your plans of action. You will want to keep abreast of best practices to help your organization adapt to the ever-changing health care environment. Being adept at research will help you find the information you need. For this assessment, you will review the Assessment Topic Areas media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues to research a current health care problem or issue faced by a health care organization that is of interest to you.


Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

For this assessment, research best practices related to a current health care problem. Your selected problem or issue will be utilized again in Assessment 3. To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking.

  1. View the Assessment Topic Areas media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues in the media piece to research. Write a brief overview of the selected topic. In your overview:
    • Summarize the health care problem or issue.
    • Describe your interest in the topic.
    • Describe any professional experience you have with this topic.
  2. Identify peer-reviewed articles relevant to health care issue or problem.
    • Conduct a search for scholarly or academic peer-reviewed literature related to the topic and describe the criteria you used to search for articles, including the names of the databases you used. You will select four current scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles published during the past 3–5 years that relate to your topic.
      • You will want to access the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide related to your degree (found at the NHS Learner Success Lab) for tips to help you in your search.
    • Use keywords related to the health care problem or issue you are researching to select relevant articles.
  3. Assess the credibility and explain relevance of the information sources you find.
    • Determine if the source is from an academic peer-reviewed journal.
    • Determine if the publication is current.
    • Determine if information in the academic peer-reviewed journal article is still relevant.
  4. Analyze academic peer-reviewed journal articles using the annotated bibliography organizational format. Provide rationale for inclusion of each selected article. The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to document a list of references along with key information about each one. The detail about the reference is the annotation. Developing this annotated bibliography will create a foundation of knowledge about the selected topic. In your annotated bibliography:
    • Identify the purpose of the article.
    • Summarize the information.
    • Provide rationale for inclusion of each article.
    • Include the conclusions and findings of the article.
    • Write your annotated bibliography in a paragraph form. The annotated bibliography should be approximately 150 words (1–3 paragraphs) in length.
    • List the full reference for the source in APA format (author, date, title, publisher, et cetera) and use APA format for the annotated bibliography.
    • Make sure the references are listed in alphabetical order, are double-spaced, and use hanging indents.
  5. Summarize what you have learned from developing an annotated bibliography.
    • Summarize what you learned from your research in a separate paragraph or two at the end of the paper.
    • List the main points you learned from your research.
    • Summarize the main contributions of the sources you chose and how they enhanced your knowledge about the topic.


Applying Research Skills

Medication errors are the most prevalent medical mistakes that occur in any healthcare system. The mistakes are caused by various factors, broadly categorized as human, organizational, environmental factors. Currently, medication errors are the leading cause of high readmission rates and increased mortality. The healthcare system has leveraged technology to reduce medication errors and enhance patient safety. Technologies like barcode medication administration (BCMA) prevent medication administration errors by verifying medications before they are administered to the identified patient. However, more interventions must fully address medication errors and improve the quality of care, patient safety, and outcomes.

Among the most famous medication error cases in the United States is an Air Force past master in 2017. As reported, the patient had gone to Dorn VA Medical Center in South Carolina complaining of nausea and vomiting. The patient was to be given a filgrastim drug but was given pegfilgrastim (Ross, 2019). The two drugs work similarly and are administered through a syringe. However, the prescribed filgrastim dose could be taken daily. The patient continued having the pegfilgrastim dose, which led to the development of pulmonary toxicity. On the eleventh day of being administered with pegfilgrastim, the patient died. The case caused the federal government $800 000 as a settlement for the error.

The rationale for selecting this topic is to understand the various factors that cause medication errors. Some studies state that systemic factors can also cause these faults. In the given scenario, the nurse who administered the drug might have skipped some procedural drug activities. On the other hand, the procedures of giving the medication might have been unclear. Hence, searching for relevant literature that aligns with the issue will enable me to gather more knowledge about a medication error, its causes, and how it can be addressed…kindly click on the purchase icon to access the full solution at $10

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