Nursing assignment help online

Requirements:

Content Criteria:

  1. Read the case study listed below.
  2. Refer to the rubric for grading requirements.
  3. Utilizing the Week 6 Case Study TemplateLinks to an external site., provide your responses to the case study questions listed below.
  4. You must use at least one scholarly reference to provide pathophysiology statements. For this class, use of the textbook for pathophysiology statements is acceptable. You may also use an appropriate evidence-based journal.
  5. You must use the current Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for the Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes -Abridged for Primary Care Providers provided by the American Diabetes Association to determine the patient’s type of diabetes and answer the treatment recommendation questions. The most current guideline can be found at the following web address: https://professional.diabetes.org/content-page/practice-guidelines-resourcesLinks to an external site.. At the website, locate the current year’s CPG for use. 
  6. Proper APA format (in-text citations, reference page, spelling, English language, and grammar) must be used.

Case Study Scenario

Chief Complaint

J.T. is a 48-year old male who presents to the primary care clinic with fatigue, weight loss, and extreme thirst and increased appetite.

History of Present Illness

J.T. has been in his usual state of health until three weeks ago when he began experiencing symptoms of fatigue, weight loss, and extreme thirst. He reports that he would like to begin a walking program, but he feels too fatigued to walk at any point during the day. Now he is very concerned about gaining more weight since he is eating more. He reports insomnia due to having to get up and urinate greater than 4 times per night.

Past Medical History 

  • Hypertension
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Obesity

Family History

  • Both parents deceased
  • Brother: Type 2 diabetes 

Social History

  • Denies smoking
  • Denies alcohol or recreational drug use
  • Landscaper  

Allergies

  • No Known Drug Allergies 

Medications

  • Lisinopril 20 mg once daily by mouth
  • Atorvastatin 20 mg once daily by mouth
  • Aspirin 81 mg once daily by mouth
  • Multivitamin once daily by mouth

Review of Systems

  • Constitutional: – fever, – chills, – weight loss.
  • Neurological: denies dizziness or disorientation
  • HEENT: Denies nasal congestion, rhinorrhea or sore throat.  
  • Chest: – Tachypnea. Denies cough.
  • Heart: Denies chest pain, chest pressure or palpitations.
  • Lymph: Denies lymph node swelling.

General Physical Exam  

  • Constitutional: Alert and oriented male in no acute distress   
  • Vital Signs: BP-136/80, T-98.6 F, P-78, RR-20
  • Wt. 240 lbs., Ht. 5’8″, BMI 36.5

HEENT 

  • Eyes: Pupils equal, round and reactive to light and accommodation, normal conjunctiva. 
  • Ears: Tympanic membranes intact. 
  • Nose: Bilateral nasal turbinates without redness or swelling. Nares patent. 
  • Mouth: Oropharynx clear. No mouth lesions. Teeth present and intact; Oral mucous membranes and lips dry. 

Neck/Lymph Nodes 

  • Neck supple without JVD. 
  • No lymphadenopathy, masses or carotid bruits. 

Lungs 

  • Bilateral breath sounds clear throughout lung fields. Breathing quality deep with fruity breath odor

Heart 

  • S1 and S2 regular rate and rhythm; – tachycardia; no rubs or murmurs. 

Integumentary System 

  • Skin warm, dry; Nail beds pink without clubbing.  

Case Study Questions

Pathophysiology & Clinical Findings of the Disease

  1. Review the lab findings and decide if the diagnosis is Type 2 or Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
  2. Explain the pathophysiology associated with your chosen diagnosis
  3. Identify at least three subjective findings from the case which support the chosen diagnosis.
  4. Identify at least three objective findings from the case which support the chosen diagnosis.

Management of the Disease

*Utilize the required Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) to support your treatment recommendations.

  1. Identify two (2) “Evidence A” recommended medication classes for the treatment of this condition and provide an example (drug name) for each.
  2. Describe the mechanism of action for each of the medication classes identified above.
  3. Identify two (2) “Evidence A” recommended non-pharmacological treatment options for this patient.
  4. Utilizes the required Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) to support the chosen treatment recommendations

Solution

Week 6 Case Study Based on the findings, the patient has Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus comprises a range of dysfunctions distinguished by hyperglycemia and emerging from the collection of protection to insulin movement, insufficient insulin production, and excessive or unsuitable glucagon production. The history checking is based on testing of A1C degree, random blood glucose level, or fasting and oral glucose use experimentation. Though there are challenging instructions, many accept that individuals with hypertension must be tested for diabetes. Diabetes risk measures show a high negative predictive figure and assist in describing patients who are doubtful to get diabetes. Lab testing that would help know the type of diabetes or the persistent want for sugar comprises the reflective beta-cell role, like C peptide levels and detectors of immune-mediated beta-cell damage (American Diabetes Association, 2021)….Kindly click the purchase icon to purchase the full solution at $10

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