Research Essay (25%)
Behavioral problems are among the most common developmental problems among children. They are symptoms of internal psychological and emotional problems caused by an array of factors such as health impairment, social challenges among others. The common behavioral problems in children include autism spectrum disorder (ASD) which is the focus of this research essay. Children with behavioral problems experience challenges in education, social interactions, and future professional development (Hillman, 2018). As such, they are often at a disadvantage in comparison with children without these disorders. This calls for intervention in terms of therapy to assist these children to effectively cope with their behavioral problems. Child-play therapy involving the engagement of autistic children in play activities is one of the effective therapeutic interventions (Blalock, Lindo and Ray, 2019). This research essay focuses on children With ASD in the US and how play therapy helps to manage the condition. The essay is based on the argument that play intervention improves social competence and problematic behavior among children with ASD in the US.
- Definition of Terms and Concepts
2.1 Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism spectrum disorder is defined as a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that involves impaired social interaction, communication, and repetitive behavioral patterns (Hodges, Fealko and Soares, 2020). ASD is associated with a number of emotional, behavioral, cognitive and social challenges. For instance, children with the condition exhibit disruptive behavior that places them at the risk of stigmatization and exclusion. Further, research has shown that ASD impairs executive functioning leading to deficits in working memory, behavioral and emotional control (Bui, 2022). These deficits are seen to increase with age, becoming worse in adulthood.
2.2 Child Play Therapy
Play therapy is a tool used to assist autistic children to express their inner feelings and relate meaningfully with others (Patterson, Stutey and Dorsey, 2018). Children are involved in play activities that they choose or are comfortable with. A play therapist builds a relationship with the child through play and becomes part of their world to help them fully become themselves. In child play therapy, the child is the center of intervention determining the pace at which it takes place….Kindly click on the purchase icon to access the full solution at $10